|Union of Opposites|
This excerpt from Alain Daniélou's The Myths and Gods of India explores the union of opposites in terms of the hermaphrodite and the lingum and yoni. Added emphasis appears in red, and my reactions are enclosed in a box: (Note 114)
The neutral, uncreative substratum first divides itself into substance and energy, into a male and a female principle. When these again unite, a spark appears which is lust, the source of the flow of life.
It is this lust which is the apparent origin of manifestation. The division into a male and a female constituent represents an attempt to explain the appearance of the spark of lust out of the neutral substratum.
The union of Shiva and Shakti is their basic reality. This is symbolized in the Hermaphrodite, half male, half female, whose nature is pure lust. . . .
The Union of the Principles
In the unmanifest state there is a perfect balance. . . . As soon as the first tendency toward manifestation appears in the undifferentiated substratum duality is already present. This duality has the character of complementary poles of attraction, a positive and a negative tendency, which will be manifested in the whole of creation by male and female characteristics. . . . There could be no creation from Shiva alone or from Nature alone. The union of a perceiver and a perceived, of an enjoyer and an enjoyed, of a passive and an active principle, of a male and a female organ, is essential for creation to take place. . . .
Everything in Nature centers around procreation, is intended to ensure the continuity of life. It is in the union of the lingam and the yoni that divinity, the power to create, is most directly apparent in man. There cannot be procreation without such union, and there cannot be divine manifestation without their cosmic equivalent. It is only through the understanding of the lingam and the yoni that we can understand the mystery of creation. . . .
The Shiva principle is the totality of the procreative power found in the whole universe. All individual procreation is a fragment of it. "From the relation of lingam and yoni the whole world arises. Everything therefore bears the signature of the lingam and the yoni. It is divinity which under the form of all individual lingam enters every womb and procreates all beings."